Drop in proportion of A-levels awarded top grades

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The proportion of A-level entries awarded an A grade or higher has fallen to the lowest for more than a decade, national figures show.

Girls narrowly clawed back the lead from boys in terms of A* and A grades, although boys still outperformed their female classmates in the highest result.

For the first time, there were more entries for A-level science subjects from girls than from boys.

The shift comes after a major push in recent years to encourage girls to study science and maths-based subjects.

A-level candidates getting A/A* grades
(PA Graphics)

The figures, published by the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ), cover A-level entries from students in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Around 300,000 students are receiving their results today.

In total, 25.5% of UK entries were awarded an A or A* grade this summer, the lowest proportion since 2007 when it was 25.3%.

A* grades were introduced in 2010. Before this, the highest result was an A.

Students celebrate their A-level results at King Edward VI High School for Girls in Birmingham
Students celebrate their A-level results at King Edward VI High School for Girls in Birmingham (Jacob King/PA)

But on A* grades alone, boys performed better, with 8.2% of entries getting the highest result, compared with 7.5% of girls’ entries.

Girls are now more likely in general to take a science A-level than boys, the data shows.

For biology, chemistry and physics A-levels, there were 84,111 entries from girls this year, compared with 83,133 from boys.

A-level subjects with greatest gender imbalance
(PA Graphics)

But boys are still significantly more likely to take physics, with more than three times as many entries than their female counterparts (30,159 compared with 8,799).

In languages, there were 8,625 entries for Spanish A-level and 8,355 for French.

French has seen a decline in recent years, while Spanish has been increasing in popularity.

Dr Philip Wright, JCQ director general, said: “This year’s pass rates are stable across all A-levels and it is particularly encouraging to see the rise in young women being inspired to take science A-levels.

“For the very first time, female entries have overtaken male entries in science.”

Ahead of results day, grade boundaries for two of England’s biggest exam boards, Edexcel and OCR, were leaked.

The documents showed that students needed to score just over half marks in A-level maths to win an A grade this summer.

Grade boundaries for Edexcel’s maths A-level show students who gained 165 out of a possible maximum of 300 marks (55%) will be awarded an A.

Separate documents show that those who took OCR’s A-level maths will get an A if they achieved 54% across all papers – a total of 161 out of 300.

Last year, 184 marks (61%) were needed for an A grade in Edexcel’s maths A-level, while for OCR the required mark was 197 (66%).

The figures relate to overall grade boundaries for new specification maths A-levels.

Practically all A-level courses have been reformed, with maths one of the last to be overhauled as part of a major revamp in England.

This summer is the first time grades for new specification A-level maths are being awarded to the vast majority of students.

(PA Graphics)

For example, 69% (208 out of 300) in an Edexcel English literature A-level achieves an A grade, while students taking the subject with OCR require 177 marks out of 200 (89%).

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