Hiroshima marks 76th anniversary of US atomic bombing

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Hiroshima has marked the 76th anniversary of the world’s first atomic bombing, as the mayor of the Japanese city urged global leaders to unite to eliminate nuclear weapons – just as they are united against the coronavirus.

Mayor Kazumi Matsui urged world leaders to commit to nuclear disarmament as seriously as they tackle the pandemic, which the international community recognises as “threat to humanity”.

“Nuclear weapons, developed to win wars, are a threat of total annihilation that we can certainly end, if all nations work together,” Mr Matsui said.

Kazumi Matsui
Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui (Kyodo/AP)

The United States dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6 1945, destroying the city and killing 140,000 people.

It dropped a second bomb three days later on Nagasaki, killing another 70,000. Japan surrendered on August 15, ending the Second World War and its nearly half-century of aggression in Asia.

The Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Dome
A visitor prays in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima (Kyodo/AP)

The global Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons took effect in January after years of civil effort joined by the atomic bombing survivors, or hibakusha.

But while more than 50 countries have ratified it, the treaty notably lacks the US and other nuclear powers as well as Japan, which has relied on the US nuclear umbrella for its defence since the war’s end.

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park
Visitors pray in front of the cenotaph dedicated to the victims of the atomic bombing at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park (Kyodo/AP)

He also demanded called for Japan to provide productive mediation between nuclear and non-nuclear weapons states.

Japanese prime minister Yoshihide Suga, who attended the ceremony in Hiroshima, did not mention the treaty and instead stressed the need for a more “realistic” approach to bridge the nuclear and non-nuclear weapons states and by strengthening the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Later at a news conference, Mr Suga said he had no plans to sign the prohibition treaty.

“The treaty lacks support not only from the nuclear weapons states including the United States but also from many countries that do not possess nuclear arms,” Mr Suga said.

“What’s appropriate is to seek a passage to realistically promote the nuclear disarmament.”

Yoshihide Sug
Japan’s prime minister Yoshihide Suga (Kyodo/AP)

Many survivors of the bombings have lasting injuries and illnesses linked to the bombs and radiation exposure, and faced discrimination in Japanese society. 

The government began to medically support certified survivors in 1968 after more than 20 years of effort by the survivors. 

As of March, 127,755 survivors, whose average age is now almost 84, are certified as hibakusha and eligible for government medical support, according to the health and welfare ministry.

Yoshihide Suga
Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga places a wreath in honour of the victims (Kyodo/AP)

The victims were exposed to radioactive “black rain” that fell in the city after the bombing and fought a long legal battle for their health problems to be recognised.

Mr Matsui urged Mr Suga’s government to further widen support and have generous assistance quickly reach all those still suffering physical and emotional effects of radiation, including the black rain survivors who were not part of the lawsuit.

The ceremony at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park was significantly scaled down because of the coronavirus pandemic and was also eclipsed by the Olympics being held in Tokyo, where even national NHK television quickly switched to the games after the main speeches.

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