Who is Scotland’s new First Minister Humza Yousaf?

Humza Yousaf has made history after being the first person from a minority ethnic background to become the First Minister of Scotland.

The 37-year-old is also the youngest person to hold the post, after being voted in at the Scottish Parliament.

He will be officially sworn in at the Court of Session in Edinburgh on Wednesday.

His decision to run to become SNP leader and First Minister came after “careful consideration” of the impact it will have on his family, a fear that was borne out after two people were charged in relation to abuse that he and his family suffered.

Here are some key facts about Mr Yousaf:

Humza Yousaf visit to Falkirk Community Hospital
Humza Yousaf is currently Health Secretary (Andrew Milligan/PA)

After studying politics at Glasgow University, Mr Yousaf began working as an office manager for the SNP’s Bashir Ahmad, the first MSP from an Asian and Muslim background.

Following Mr Ahmad’s death in 2009, Mr Yousaf went on to work for other MSPs including Alex Salmond and Nicola Sturgeon.

– Entering Holyrood

After being elected in 2011 as a Glasgow region MSP, he took his oath to the Queen in English and in Urdu.

He did the same when re-elected in 2016, wearing both a kilt and sherwani to reflect his Scottish and Pakistani heritage.

His father, who is from Pakistan, and his mother, from Kenya, moved to the UK in the 1960s.

Humza Yousaf
Humza Yousaf faced criticism over the Hate Crime Bill he introduced when Justice Secretary (PA)

Mr Yousaf’s first ministerial appointment came under Mr Salmond’s leadership in September 2012, when he became minister for external affairs and international development.

He stayed on in a junior ministerial role when Ms Sturgeon became First Minister, though he was then promoted to the transport portfolio and later justice.

But his introduction of the Hate Crime Bill while he was justice secretary was not uncontroversial, with critics saying it put undue limits on free speech.

– Health Secretary

Perhaps his greatest challenge has come as Health Secretary, with Mr Yousaf taking over the post from Jeane Freeman in 2021 as she stood down from Holyrood.

The coronavirus pandemic was still affecting Scotland at that point.

He revealed that the first call he received after being made Health Secretary was from his mother, who was keen to find out what job he had been given in the Cabinet reshuffle.

Nicola Sturgeon and Humza Yousaf
Humza Yousaf has been a key ally of Nicola Sturgeon (PA)

Throughout his time in the role, he has faced opposition attacks over the performance of the NHS, particularly over A&E waiting times.

These reached a nadir in December 2022, when performance against the four-hour target for admission, transfer or discharge fell to just 62%.

Mr Yousaf has always emphasised the impact of the pandemic on the health service and the support being provided by the Scottish Government.

– Sturgeon ally

Mr Yousaf has stood by Ms Sturgeon throughout his time as a minister and MSP.

On the issue of gender recognition reform, which has seen rare divisions emerge in the SNP, he has pledged to fight the UK Government’s blocking of the legislation.

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