Chinese astronauts return to Earth after six-month mission

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Three Chinese astronauts have landed back on Earth after spending six months working to complete construction of the Tiangong station, state TV has reported.

A capsule carrying commander Chen Dong and astronauts Liu Yang and Cai Xuzhe touched down at a landing site in the Gobi Desert in northern China at approximately 12.10pm, China Central Television said.

Prior to departure, the astronauts had overlapped for almost five days with three colleagues who arrived on Wednesday on the Shenzhou-15 mission for their own six-month stay, marking the first time China has had six astronauts in space at the same time.

Astronaut Chen Dong waves as he sits outside the re-entry capsule
Astronaut Chen Dong, centre, outside the re-entry capsule (Li Gang/Xinhua via AP)

The astronauts were carried out of the capsule by medical workers about 40 minutes after touchdown. They were smiling and appeared to be in good condition, waving happily at workers at the landing site.

“I am very fortunate to have witnessed the completion of the basic structure of the Chinese space station after six busy and fulfilling months in space,” Mr Chen, who was the first to exit the capsule, said.

“Like meteors, we returned to the embrace of the motherland.”

The Shenzhou-15 and Shenzhou-14 crew chatting after a historic gathering in space
The Shenzhou-15 and Shenzhou-14 crews chatting after their historic gathering on Wednesday (Guo Zhongzheng/Xinhua via AP)

The three astronauts were part of the Shenzhou-14 mission, which launched in June.

After their arrival at Tiangong, Mr Chen, Ms Liu and Mr Cai oversaw five rendezvous and dockings with various spacecraft including one carrying the third of the station’s three modules.

They also performed three spacewalks, beamed down a live science lecture from the station and conducted a range of experiments.

The Shenzhou-15 and Shenzhou-14 crews
The Shenzhou-15 and Shenzhou-14 crews (Guo Zhongzheng/Xinhua via AP)

China built its own station after it was excluded from the International Space Station (ISS), largely due to US objections over the Chinese space programme’s close ties to the People’s Liberation Army, the military wing of the ruling Communist Party.

With the arrival of the Shenzhou-15 mission, the station expanded to its maximum weight of 100 tons.

Without attached spacecraft, the Chinese station weighs about 66 tons — a fraction of the International Space Station, which launched its first module in 1998 and weighs around 465 tons.

The manned spaceship Shenzhou-15 conducting a rendezvous and docking with the space station's Tianhe module last month
The manned spaceship Shenzhou-15 conducting a rendezvous and docking with the space station’s Tianhe module last month (Guo Zhongzheng/Xinhua via AP)

In 2003, China became the third government to send an astronaut into orbit on its own after the former Soviet Union and the US.

China has also chalked up uncrewed mission successes including its Yutu 2 rover, which was the first to explore the far side of the moon, its Chang’e 5 probe which returned lunar rocks to Earth in December 2020 for the first time since the 1970s, and another Chinese rover which is searching for evidence of life on Mars.

Officials are reported to be considering a crewed mission to the moon, although no timeline has been offered for this.

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