Owl-shaped plaques may have been created by Copper Age children as toys – study

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Children may have created ancient owl-shaped slate engraved plaques, dating from around 5,000 years, as toys – putting them top of the wish list, according to a new study.

Researchers looked at whether the owl engravings discovered across the Iberian Peninsula – mainly Spain and Portugal – were used for ritualistic purposes, or whether they were more likely to be toys and an opportunity for children to develop carving skills.

Based on comparisons with owl drawings by modern children, it is suggested that some of these plaques may have been ancient toys.

Around 4,000 engraved slate plaques resembling owls – with two engraved circles for eyes and a body outlined below – and dating from the Copper Age – between 5,500 and 4,750 years ago have been found in tombs and pits across the Iberian Peninsula.

Juan Negro from Estacion Biologica de Donana, in Spain, and colleagues, re-examined the idea that the plaques had ritualistic significance and represented deities or the dead.

Based on regional owl species, they suggest the plaques may have been crafted by young people and may have been used as dolls, toys, or amulets.

The authors assessed 100 plaques and rated them on a scale of one to six, based on how many of six owl traits they displayed including two eyes, feathery tufts, patterned feathers, a flat facial disk, a beak, and wings.

The plaques were compared to 100 modern images of owls drawn by children aged four to 13-years-old.

The researchers observed many similarities between the depictions of owls.

They also found that as the children got older and become more skillful, their drawings better resembled the birds of prey.

Many of the plaques had two small holes at the top which do not appear to be suitable for passing cord through in order to hand the plaque.

Instead, it is thought feathers could be inserted through the holes in order to resemble the tufts on the heads of some regional owl species, such as the long-eared owl (Asio otus).

The researchers suggest the items may represent a glimpse into childhood behaviours in Copper Age societies.

They say: “Owl engravings could have been executed by youngsters as they resemble owls painted today by elementary school students.

“This also suggests that schematic drawings are universal and timeless. We propose that the owl-like slate plaques are the remains of a set of objects used in both playful activities and in ritual ceremonies.

“The actual engraving of the plaques may have been part of the game.”

The findings are published in the Scientific Reports journal.

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