The president of the European Commission has said the EU remains determined to forge a “close partnership” with Britain after Brexit.
As the European Parliament prepared to vote on Boris Johnson’s Withdrawal Agreement, Ursula von der Leyen said in an emotional message to the UK: “We will always love you.”
MEPs meeting in Brussels were expected overwhelmingly to back ratification of the agreement, paving the way for Britain to leave with a deal in place on Friday.
Addressing the parliament, Mrs von der Leyen said it would only be a “first step”, with negotiations set to start on a trade agreement once Britain is formally out.
“And just to be very clear, I want the European Union and the United Kingdom to stay good friends and good partners.”
She quoted the poet George Eliot, saying: “Only in the agony of parting do we look into the depth of love.”
She added: “We will always love you and we will never be far, long live Europe.”
The European Parliament’s Brexit co-ordinator Guy Verhofstadt said Britain’s departure was a “sad” moment for the EU.
“It is sad to see a country leaving that twice liberated us, has twice given its blood to liberate Europe,” he said.
“In the last couple of days, I have received hundreds of mails from British citizens saying they desperately want to stay or return,” he said.
“So this vote is not an adieu, this vote, in my opinion, is only an au revoir.”
He poured scorn on claims by supporters of Brexit that it would mean Britain recovering its sovereignty.
“What is in fact threatening Britain’s sovereignty most – the rules of our single market or the fact that tomorrow they may be planting Chinese 5G masts in the British islands?”
However, Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage said the UK was “never coming back” as he gave his final speech in the parliament.
“This is it, the final chapter, the end of the road, a 47-year political experiment that the British frankly have never been very happy with,” he said.
Mr Farage said that he hoped Britain’s departure would start a debate across the rest of Europe about the EU’s future.
“I’m hoping this begins the end of this project. It’s a bad project, it isn’t just undemocratic, it’s anti-democratic.”
The debate in Brussels follows the completion last week of the passage of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill through the British Parliament at Westminster.
The agreement settles the terms of Britain’s departure, including future citizens’ rights, the arrangements on the Northern Ireland border and the UK’s divorce settlement.
It also allows for an 11-month transition period, during which the UK will continue to follow EU rules while talks take place on a free trade agreement.
Mr Johnson has said he wants a comprehensive deal – covering all aspects of Britain’s future relationship with the EU, including security – by the end of the year.
He has been adamant that he will not contemplate any extension of the transition period beyond the end of 2020.
However, senior EU figures have repeatedly warned that reaching such a wide-ranging agreement will not be possible within such a tight timetable.
They have cautioned that the UK cannot expect to enjoy the “highest quality access” to European markets if – as Mr Johnson is insisting – it refuses to align with EU rules after Brexit.