Number of pupils taught in ‘super-size classes’ increases, report shows

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The proportion of P1 to P3 youngsters being taught in classes of 26 or more has increased, new figures have revealed.

Official statistics showed that last year a total of 26.3% of pupils in this group –  44,712 youngsters – were being taught in class sizes of 26 or more.

That’s despite the Scottish Government’s “aspiration” of reducing class sizes for youngsters in the first three years of primary to 18 pupils or less.

The figure is up from 26.1% of P1 to P3 pupils in 2017, and compares to the 38,278 P1 to P3 pupils taught in classes of 26 or more in 2012.

The figures also showed that the number of P1 to P3 children being taught in a class size of 18 pupils or less has fallen to 20,613 – meaning just 12.1% of youngsters benefit from being in a smaller class.

That is down from 20,997 the previous year, and compares to the 31,101 youngsters who were taught in a class with fewer than 18 students in 2012.

  • 44,712 children in P1 to P3 were in classes of 26 or more
  • 20,613 children in P1 to P3 were in classes of 18 or less

At the same time the Liberal Democrats highlighted figures showing that 43,193 primary schools pupils were being taught in “super size” classes made up of 31 or more students – up from 31,175 in 2012.

Party education spokesman Tavish Scott said: “The number of pupils being taught in super-size classes has soared on the SNP’s watch.

“Classes of this size make it harder to close the attainment gap. Smaller classes help pupils learn and increases the amount of contact time between teachers and those children who need extra help.”

Scottish Government statistics also showed that in 2018 there were 511 P1 pupils being taught in a  class with more than 25 students.

That’s despite legislation brought in in 2010 to limit class sizes for P1 to a maximum of 25.

That, however, was an improvement on 2017, when 631 youngsters were in classes that were too large, according to the legislation.

Scotland had 2,483 schools in 2018, with a total on 693,251 pupils, including 400,276 youngsters at primary school.

The average class size in primary schools last year was 23.5 –  the same as 2016 and 2017, but higher than in 2012 when it was recorded at 22.7.

On average P1 to P3 classes had 23.2 pupils, while across the country the proportion of youngsters in this group being taught in a class of 18 or less varied from 56.4% in the Western Isles to  3.1% in the Dundee City council area.

Education Secretary John Swinney said teacher numbers were at their highest since 2010 (Andrew Milligan/PA)

In addition the number of staff working in schools to support pupils with additional needs rose by 7.7% over the year to 14,547

Education Secretary John Swinney said: “While all teachers work with pupils with additional support needs, I welcome the increase in specialist staff which shows education authorities are continuing to invest in having the right support, in the right place, to meet young people’s needs.

“The latest data also shows that, overall, teacher numbers in Scottish schools are at their highest since 2010, with primary teacher numbers at the highest level since 1980.”

Mr Swinney added: “The overall pupil-teacher ratio in schools remains unchanged at 13.7.

“The average size of primary one classes has been dropping consistently in recent years, which is particularly important in helping to close the attainment gap between children from the most and least deprived backgrounds as early as possible.”

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